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niveau_primaire

Raspberry Pi et éducation: niveau primaire

Introduction

Qu'importe le flacon? C'est le contenu qui compte… mais aussi le nombre de flacons! 5 ordinateurs en classes, ce sera toujours mieux qu'un seul. Et là, le Raspberry Pi peut avoir sa carte à jouer. En effet, pour moins de 200.-, on se retrouve avec un petit ordinateur complet: Raspberry Pi, écran, clavier et souris. Et au niveau des logiciels éducatifs, on en trouve un grand nombre dans l'univers Linux.

Installer TuxPaint

  • Se connecter en SSH sur le Raspberry Pi
  • Installer TuxPaint avec la commande suivante:
sudo apt-get install tuxpaint
  • Editer le fichier de configuration de Tuxpaint, qui se trouve ici: /etc/tuxpaint/tuxpaint.conf
sudo vim /etc/tuxpaint/tuxpaint.conf
#
# Configuration file for Tux Paint
# See tuxpaint(1) or run 'tuxpaint --help' for details on using Tux Paint
#
# Bill Kendrick <bill@newbreedsoftware.com>
# http://www.tuxpaint.org/
#
# Default distribution version last modified:
# June 25, 2007
#
# $Id: tuxpaint.conf,v 1.6 2007/06/25 18:00:51 wkendrick Exp $


# The variables described below are initially commented out.
#
# Most options come in pairs:
#
# The top examples change the default behavior
#   (e.g., "fullscreen=yes" enables full-screen mode, while
#   the default mode is windowed, not fullscreen.)
#
# The bottom examples reenable the default behavior
#   (e.g., "windowed=yes" enables fullscreen mode.)
#
#   In the system-wide Tux Paint configuration file
#     (e.g. "/etc/tuxpaint/tuxpaint.conf"
#     or "/usr/local/etc/tuxpaint/tuxpaint.conf")
#     the default options are redundant.
#
#   They are, however, useful to place in a user's personal confiugration file
#     ("~/.tuxpaintrc"), to override any settings they don't like in the
#     system-wide configuration file, and which they don't want to always have
#     to override via command-line options.
#
# For more information, see Tux Paint's main documentation file:  README.txt


### Fullscreen or Windowed?
### Fullscreen or Windowed?
### -----------------------
#                                                             
 fullscreen=yes                                               
# windowed=yes                                                
                                                              
                                                              
### Window size / screen resolution.  (1024x600 is the default.)
### (Any size 640-or-wider by 480-or-taller should work.)     
### NOTE: This affects canvas (drawing area) size.            
### -----------------------------------------------------------
#                                                             
windowsize=1024x768                                           
                                                              
### Window / screen orientation.  (Landscape (no rotation) is the default.)  
### -----------------------------------------------------------------------  
#                                                             
# orient=portrait                                             
# orient=landscape                                            
                                                              
                                                              
### Disable sound effects?                                    
### ----------------------                                    
#                                                             
# nosound=yes                                                 
# sound=yes                                                   
                                                              
                                                              
### Disable the on-screen 'Quit' button in the toolbar?       
### ---------------------------------------------------       
### Note: Pressing the [Escape] key,                          
### or clicking the window's 'Close' button will still work   
#                                                             
# noquit=yes                                                  
# quit=yes                 


### Disable the printing feature?
### -----------------------------
#
# noprint=yes
# print=yes

                                                              
### Restrict printing?                                        
### ------------------                                        
### For example, if 'printdelay=60',                          
### the user can only print once per minute (60 seconds)      
#                                                             
# printdelay={SECONDS}                                        
# printdelay=0                                                
                                                              
                                                              
### Use stored printer configuration?                         
### ---------------------------------                         
#                                                             
# printcfg=yes                                                
# printcfg=no                                                 
                                                              
                                                              
### Use a different print command?                            
### ------------------------------                            
### Note: The command should expect PostScript on its STDIN (standard-in)   
###                                                           
### For example, to convert the image to greyscale before converting        
### to PostScript, use "pstopnm | ppmtopgm | pnmtops | lpr" as the command  
       
#                                                             
# printcommand={COMMAND}                                      
# printcommand=lpr                                            
                                                              
                                                              
### Paper size                                                
### ----------                                                
### Note: The size listed should be one supported by libpaper 
### From papersize(5):                                        
###   a3, a4, a5, b5, letter, legal, executive, note, 11x17,  
###   a0, a1, a2, a6, a7, a8, a9, a10, b0, b1, b2, b3, b4, tabloid,         
###   statement, note, halfletter, halfexecutive, folio, quarto, ledger,    
###   archA, archB, archC, archD, archE, flsa, flse, csheet, dsheet, esheet 
###   or 10x14.                                               
###                                                           
### If not set, libpaper will check your $PAPER environment variable,       
### then /etc/papersize, then the default system paper size.  
#                                                             
# papersize={PAPERSIZSE}                                      
# papersize=a4                                                
                                                              
                                                              
### Use the simpler shape tool? (No rotating)                 
### -----------------------------------------                 
#                                                             
# simpleshapes=yes                                            
# complexshapes=yes                                           
                                                              
                                                              
### Display only uppercase letters?                           
### -------------------------------                           
#                                                             
# uppercase=yes                                               
# mixedcase=yes               

                                                             
### Grab the mouse and keyboard?                              
### ----------------------------                              
#                                                             
# grab=yes                                                    
# dontgrab=yes                                                
                                                              
                                                              
### Disable [Control] key shortcuts?                          
### --------------------------------                          
#                                                             
# noshortcuts=yes                                             
# shortcuts=yes                                               
                                                              
                                                              
### Disable wheel mouse support?                              
### ----------------------------                              
#                                                             
# nowheelmouse=yes                                            
# wheelmouse=yes                                              
                                                              
                                                              
### Don't use special mouse pointer (cursor) shapes?          
### ------------------------------------------------          
#                                                             
# nofancycursors=yes                                          
# fancycursors=yes                                            
                                                              
                                                              
### Use the keyboard to control the mouse pointer (cursor)?   
### -------------------------------------------------------   
#                                                             
# keyboard=yes                                                
# mouse=yes                                                   
                                                              
                                                              
### Use less graphics-intensive outlines?                     
### -------------------------------------         
#                                                             
# nooutlines=yes                                              
# outlines=yes                                                
                                                              
                                                              
### Disable the Stamp tool?                                   
### -----------------------                                   
#                                                             
# nostamps=yes                                                
# stamps=yes                                                  
                                                              
                                                              
### Disable Stamp controls (flip, mirror, size)?              
### --------------------------------------------              
#                                                             
# nostampcontrols=yes                                         
# stampcontrols=yes                                           
                                                              
                                                              
### Show mirrored stamps by default? (e.g., for those prefering right-to-left)
### --------------------------------------------------------------------------
#                                                             
# mirrorstamps=yes                                            
# dontmirrorstamps=yes                                        
                                                              
                                                              
### Use keyboard arrow keys to control mouse pointer?         
### -------------------------------------------------         
#                                                             
# keyboard=yes                                                
# mouse=yes                                                   
                                                              
                                                              
### Disable 'Save Over Older Picture?' Prompt                 
### Always save over, instead                                 
### -----------------------------------------                 
#                       
# saveover=yes                                                
# saveover=ask                                                
                                                              
                                                              
### Save images somewhere different?                          
### --------------------------------                          
### Note: Window users, use the form:  savedir=C:\WINDOWS\TUXPAINT
#                                                             
# savedir=~/.tuxpaint/saved                                   
                                                              
                                                              
### Disable 'Save Over Older Picture?' Prompt                 
### Always make a new picture, instead                        
### -----------------------------------------                 
#                                                             
# saveover=new                                                
# saveover=ask                                                
                                                              
                                                              
### Disable the 'Save' feature altogether?                    
### --------------------------------------                    
#                                                             
# nosave=yes                                                  
# save=yes                                                    
                                                              
                                                              
### Use a different language?                                 
### -------------------------                                 
### Note: Where the language is a known language name (e.g., "spanish")     
###                                                           
### For a full list, see tuxpaint(1) man page, README.txt documentation,    
### or language usage output (by running the command "tuxpaint --lang help")
#                                                             
# lang={LANGUAGE}                                             
lang=french                                                   
                                                                                  
# (End of configuration file) 
  • Pour activer une fonction, il faut commencer par l'activer en supprimant le # qui se trouve devant.
  • Dans mon cas, j'ai modifié la taille de la fenêtre: windowsize=1024×768 , ainsi que la langue: lang=french

Installer GCompris

GCompris est une suite de logiciels educatifs très complète, allant de l'enfantine à des enfants d'une dizaine d'année

http://gcompris.net/-fr-

La liste des activités est disponible ici: http://gcompris.net/-Sur-une-page-

  • Pour installer GCompris en français, exécuter la commande suivante:
sudo apt-get install gcompris gcompris-data gcompris-sound-fr
niveau_primaire.txt · Dernière modification: 2013/05/16 22:43 par admin